Irrigation can best be described as the method in which a controlled amount of water is supplied to plants at regular intervals so as to grow crops. Irrigation is done in dry seasons and desert areas. People undertake many kinds of irrigation. Some of them include drip, surface, sprinkler among others. All over the world a lot of people have been doing irrigation. A lot of people are undertaking irrigation due to its many advantages. Here are some of the advantages of irrigation. You will get food consistently when you use irrigation. You are able to produce food that is not of that season when you use irrigation. Food security is ensured once you use irrigation for your crops. Hunger related deaths and malnutrition are reduced when food is in plentiful supply.
The other advantage is that it makes it possible for you to grow cash crops. Cash crops grow well when it is consistent and a good amount of water supply. The cash crops can be sold once they are fully grown. Selling cash crops can be a good source of income. You are also able to get your returns when you sell the crop. Ground water storage is another benefit that you get from Irrigation. When you use irrigation water is sometimes lost through seepage. Ground water storage is increased when water seeps through the soil. Another benefit of irrigation is that it aids in increasing the crop yields. Due to irrigation the crops do not suffer lack of water, therefore, ensuring good growth. You can then sell the product to act as a source of cash.
Look at the following aspects before choosing an irrigation system to use on your farm. Soil type is one of the factors to consider. Diverse soil types need different irrigation systems. When you look at the sandy soil areas they require a high amount of water. Sandy soils retain very little water. Areas with the loamy type of soil hold a lot of water for a long period of time. Water quality is another aspect that you should look at. The best quality of water for your crops is the one that does not have water-borne diseases and has harmful minerals. Make sure that you filter your water before supplying it to your crops.
Also its advisable to use chlorine to make the water safe for your plants. The other aspect that you need to look at is the soil topography. Sloppy and flat topographies are some of the common types of topography. Different soil topography areas require different irrigation systems. You should ensure that you know your topography before adopting any irrigation system.